Nokia to W3C: Ogg is proprietary, we need DRM on the Web Tuesday, Dec 11 2007 

Nokia has filed a submission with the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) objecting to the use of Ogg Theora as the baseline video standard for the Web. Ogg is an open encoding scheme (On2, the company that developed it, gave it and a free, perpetual unlimited license to its patents to the nonprofit Xiph foundation), but Nokia called it “proprietary” and argued for the inclusion of standards that can be used in conjunction with DRM, because “from our viewpoint, any DRM-incompatible video related mechanism is a non-starter with the content industry (Hollywood). There is in our opinion no need to make DRM support mandatory, though.”DRM — Digital Rights Management, or Digital Restrictions Management — is technology that prevents you from using some files by taking over part of your computer so that it won’t obey your requests. DRM is always proprietary. Before a DRM is released, it is infected with “Hook IP” — a patent or trade secret that is introduced to the technology so that the only way you can implement the DRM is by licensing the Hook IP. Anyone who licenses the Hook IP is forced to promise to make their DRM behave as intended, preventing uses and taking over computers and devices. Without Hook IP, a company could implement the DRM but leave out the restrictions, shipping products that allow all the uses their competitors’ products deny. Hook IP gives the DRM maker something to sue over if this happens.

So DRM is by definition proprietary. If it’s not proprietary, it can’t be DRM.

And, of course, Ogg Theora is not proprietary. It does have some patents covering it, but those patents have been surrendered, to all intents and purposes.

Most importantly, the W3C is probably the purest anti-proprietary standards body on the planet, having already rejected any kind of licensing conditions or fees for its standards, setting the bar for anyone who wants to add to the Web: such additions have to be as free as the Web itself.

Nokia intervention here is nothing short of bizarre. Ogg is not proprietary, DRM is, and DRM-free may be a “non-starter” for Hollywood today, but that was true of music two years ago and today, most of the labels are lining up to release their catalogs without DRM. The Web, and Web-based video, are bigger than Hollywood. The Web is not a place for proprietary technology or systems that take over your computer. For Nokia (and Apple, who also lobbied hard for DRM inclusion) to get the Web this badly wrong, this many years into the game, is really sad: if you haven’t figured out that the Web is open by 2007, you just haven’t been paying attention.

Some Slashdot commenters have pointed out that they have technical problems with Ogg Theora. That’s a valid discussion to have — if the W3C is going to pick a video codec, its technical merits should be discussed. But remember, that’s not what Nokia is objecting to: they are arguing that Ogg is proprietary (it isn’t) and that DRM should be part of a Web standard (it shouldn’t)

Police Closes Pirate Bay Investigation, Trial Awaits Tuesday, Dec 11 2007 

The police investigation into The Pirate Bay has finally came to an end. Today, the Pirate Bay received over 4,000 pages of legal paperwork. There doesn’t appear to be any evidence that suggests The Pirate Bay is involved in any illegal activities, but that is up to the court to decide now.

pirate bayDuring the Pirate Bay raid in May of last year, the Swedish police confiscated 180 servers, most of which had nothing to do with TPB, and actually belonged to other customers of Pirate Bay’s ISP.

The Pirate Bay was back online only a few days after the raid whilst the police continued the investigation.

The police, and prosecutor Håkan Roswall spent over a year trying to find something they could use against The Pirate Bay crew. Now, after having extended custody several times, they think they have enough evidence to start a case.

Last month prosecutor Roswall announced that he plans to press charges against 5 people involved with The pirate bay, stating that the 5 individuals will be charged with “facilitating copyright infringement” before the end of January next year.

Today there was another milestone as the Pirate Bay crew received all the legal papers, just over a month before they will be charged. Brokep from The Pirate Bay told TorrentFreak that they will ask for an extension. “I’m not going to spend Christmas and New Years eve reading these piles of paper,” he added.

Unhappy with all the paper wasted on the case, Brokep and the “The Pro Piracy Movement” bought 5 trees, to compensate for the environmental losses.

Police Closes Pirate Bay Investigation, Trial Awaits

The evidence consists of reports about files that were found on the servers, and as can be seen from the picture, a lot of top torrent lists. It also reveals personal details on the people who are involved with the Pirate Bay, as well as the alleged money streams. Brokep told TorrentFreak that they don’t have any evidence that The Bay is doing something illegal according to Swedish law.

On a side note, whilst the police may not have found evidence that the BitTorrent tracker was involved in illegal activity, they did find a bug in TPB’s tracker code “Hypercube”. Apparently the number of downloads reported by the software was incorrect because of some counting issues. Apart from that SKL (State Crime Lab) certified it to completely follow the BitTorrent standard.

Unfortunately they found this bug a little late, The Pirate Bay switched to new tracker software a few days ago.

Chevrolet Loc8tor or The Story of The Noisy Parking Lot Tuesday, Dec 11 2007 

Once upon a time, people used to shop for Christmas. And every time they went to the magic shop also known as Mall they had a reaaaallllyyy big problem: they forgot where they put their horses. Or deers. Or ponies. Or whatever dog they used to get there.So, what would a good fairytale hero do? Of course, he (or she, to be politically correct) would teach their animals human language. Yes, they would give them the gift of speaking.

Chevrolet Loc8tor or The Story of The Noisy Parking LotStupid story, right? Well, Chevrolet actually thought a long time about it and invented… K.I.T.T.Y, The Loc8tor!! Not as stupid as the Renault Formula 1 salt and pepper shaker, but still: the device that makes your car speak whatever you want it to speak.
I really don’t think there is anymore to it than that.
One thing is for sure, the hero in our fairytale was clearly a heroine. Who else could call something K.I.T.T.Y. ( it comes from Key Innovation That Talks to You, if you were wondering).

So, for the last 10 minutes I’ve been laughing uncontrollably

Asus Eee 701 vs. Nokia N810 – Linux Fight! Tuesday, Dec 11 2007 

It’s that time. Linux vs. Linux. 800×480 vs. 800×480. Mobile vs. Mobile. Slider slate tablet vs. Clamshell notebook. Fight!

Introduction
The first thing to address: Are these two devices truly competitors? The answer is yes – but only to consumers who don’t know what they REALLY want. You see – Both are extremely portable 800×480 Internet centric Linux devices in the $400-$470 street price range. However, both have clear cut advantages in certain areas that would only be of benefit to people who knew those advantages beforehand and used them as a basis for a purchasing decision.

At a Glance
I am not going to go over specs like CPU, BogoMIPS, etc. I created the table below to compare specs that actually matter to consumers.

Size
Let’s do some side-by-side shots.




The 2 pound Asus Eee PC, when closed, measures 8.9 × 6.5 × 0.9~1.4 inches (that last dimension allowing for the sloped shape) so is roughly 66 cubic inches. The 8 ounce N810, at 5.04 × 2.83 × 0.55 inches, is just under 8 cubic inches. If size is important – Take the N810.

Internet Applications
Both devices have small, relatively low-resolution screens for Internet use. The 800 pixel wide display is about as small as a device can go without seriously impacting most web pages. Most web pages render nicely but some framed pages, notably Google Maps and Google Reader, have difficulty with the short 480 pixel height. Both sites are nearly unusable on both devices. Flash renders beautifully on both devices but the Eee has more raw horsepower offering greater frame rates. Finally, the Eee’s “real Firefox” browser allows the vast catalog of Firefox extensions. Other applications (Skype, Pidgin Multi-Protocol Instant Messenger, and Internet Radio) work flawless on both, but the N810 has been doing the “internet device” thing for longer and has other dedicated clients available. The Nokia Internet Tablet application catalog includes clients for Jaiku, Blogger, WordPress, Gizmo Project voice/video/IM, and more. There are also more commercial partners on the Internet Tablet side including Rhapsody, Boingo Wireless, Devicescape, MP3Tunes.com. There is no clear winner in this category as there are distinct advantages on both sides.

Non-Internet applications
This is one category in which the Eee really shines. The addition of OpenOffice.Org to the standard installation makes the Eee a useful companion even when the device is not connected (which will be more often – see “Connectivity” below.) OpenOffice.Org offers spreadsheets, documents, and presentations. With these, the Eee can be used at length offline. There are a good number of offline applications for the N810 in the Application Catalog, but no Office suite as rich as OpenOffice.Org.

The N810 strikes back to some degree: Nokia’s tablet has an integrated GPS receiver and comes with mapping software. The software can be upgraded with a subscription service for turn-by-turn voice navigation as well. In fact, the N810 even comes with a car mounting kit for just this purpose. While this may not be as essential as an office suite, it can be a lifesaving feature.

Ergonomics and Input Methods
The input methods are vastly different. The Eee gives us a familiar touchpad and keyboard but the surface area of both are so seriously diminished that they are cumbersome to normal adult hands. The N810 offers a touchscreen which actually greatly speeds browsing once the user is acclimated to the interface. The N810’s thumb keyboard is wonderfully handy for instant messages, Email, and light text entry into web forms, but not so good for long articles like this one is becoming. A cramped keyboard is still easier to use than a thumb keyboard for long text sessions. The Eee allows external mice and keyboards over USB and the N810 allows external keyboards over Bluetooth.

Connectivity
The N810 has WiFi and Bluetooth and the Eee has WiFi and Ethernet. There are times I wish I had an Ethernet adapter on my N800/N810 (specifically in hotel rooms with no WiFi) but I find myself frustrated with the Eee’s lack of Bluetooth every day. Many highly mobile technology enthusiasts are buying data plans with “Tethering.” This allows the phone to operate as a modem to the latest EVDO and HSDPA networks. I have that feature on my Nokia N95 and can’t live without it. The N810 has a simple wizard for Bluetooth phone pairing and carrier configuration which automatically starts up during the initial device configuration. The Eee… Well – after five or six tries, I was unable to get the N95 to recognize as a USB modem. The connectivity wizard allowed me to select it as a dial-up modem (not an HSDPA modem) but the dialing scripts were broken. Other users have hacked it to work, but I just gave up. For Hotspot hoppers or wired Ethernet users, the Eee is fine. For users who need their internet access EVERYWHERE, grab the N810.

Convenience
Now it’s time for the N810 to pull ahead. To use the Eee from “Standby,” the steps are:

  1. Take it out of the pouch, bag, or case.
  2. Set it down and open the lid.
  3. Press the Power button
  4. Wait about 8-10 seconds
  5. Wait for WiFi to reconnect.
  6. Start using it.

On the N810, the same operation is:

  1. Take it out of your pocket.
  2. Slide open the keyboard, automatically taking it out of a suspend state.
  3. Start using it. It maintains WiFi connection to known hotspots while in standby.

Finally, the touchscreen makes it faster to navigate pages than the small track pad and the zoom keys allow for real zoom in/out operation (not just the ctrl+/- that only resizes text.) The Eee’s convenience lies in the USB ports. They’re handy for reading keychain USB drives.


Editorial Comments and Conclusion
Both devices are in this “in between” category. Neither is a Smartphone. Neither is an MP3 player. Neither is a full computer or laptop. What makes them so different?

The Asus Eee PC is made to be the low side of the laptop spectrum. It features the form factor, styling, and general use case scenarios of a laptop and that’s all. Asus did a very good job making the device easy, responsive, and preconfigured for basic laptop functionality. As a result. it’s also very much a “What you see is what you get” device. For non-hackers, it’s not designed to have extra software installed, upgrades performed, or functionality increased. Still – it knows what it does and it does that pretty well. If it were a race of laptops, it’d be a Toyota Yaris: Small, cute, clever, inexpensive, and efficient but with limited potential and without frills.

The Nokia N810 Internet Tablet, on the other hand, is the Phoenix born from the ashes of the dead PDA. Sometimes users want (or need) to have the whole Internet at their fingertips everywhere. The N810 gives them that. While some initial operations (like setting up Bluetooth tethering) are more difficult, the initial slowdown is quickly recovered by the speed of convenience. If we were to call the Asus Eee the “Toyota Yaris of Laptops, ” we’d have to call the N810 the “Rolls Royce of Pocket Devices.” It has a luxury look and feel, a stack of features, and extensive expansion potential through community and commercial software.

Not everyone needs a Rolls, though. For some, the Yaris of Laptops is worth more than the Rolls of Pocket Devices. To them, all the engineering and design in the world cannot get the term paper written comfortably. My own car is a 2007 Yaris Liftback. It’s perfect for me. So who should buy which?

Asus Eee PC 701:

  • Children aged 7-14. They’re not quite ready for full PCs yet, but you want to give them a head start. It’s durable, portable, and VERY hard to break the software. The SSD drive, smaller LCD (with a wide bezel) and light weight make it far less conducive to physical breakage. They can do homework on it, save it to SD card, then bring it over for Mom and Dad to print.
  • Linux Enthusiasts. I have to admit – it’s been some time since I’ve had a Linux workstation. Windows is better for an enterprise/office environment, Mac is better for content creation, and Linux is better for embedded devices and servers. Getting back into “regular PC hardware” running Linux has been fun and I’ve had a LOT of help from eeeuser.com forums and wiki articles. If you’re interested in hacking Linux but are just starting out, the Eee community is fantastic.
  • Busy Families. Sometimes Dad wants to check his Email while Bobby is playing World of Warcraft. Sometimes Mom wants to keep her recipes in the kitchen without having to print them off. There are many situations when an extra computer can come in handy to families without having to the bulk or cost of a full laptop.
  • Students – Especially those with Municipal or Campus WiFi. Textbooks are HEAVY. Do you want a five pound laptop weighing you down when all you want to do is lay outside, tap away at your paper, and maybe chat with some friends? You can do the CPU intensive work when you’re in the computer lab anyway.

Nokia N810 Internet Tablet:

  • On-the-Go Professionals. If you make your living online through communication, stock trade, or other connected media, consider how much is done through a web browser or over Email/IM. You may find that you can ditch the laptop. Even systems administrators like myself can go out for a night on the town and (with extra software) maintain SSH, VNC, and RDesktop access to my servers.
  • Experienced Linux Hackers. If you know what a “cross-compiling toolchain” is and how to use it, take the N810. You’ll have a lot more fun.
  • Road Warriors. The GPS, “always available” connection through a mobile phone, and super-small form factor gives the N810 more reasons to go places a laptop or even Eee wouldn’t go.
  • Web 2.0 Fans. If a significant portion of your life is spent on Facebook, Blogger, MySpace, Jaiku, Twitter, Flickr, or other user-created-content sites, the N810 can keep you connected.

As for myself, I’m sticking with the N810 as my favorite “secondary” (non-phone) device. It fits my life much better than the Eee does. However, I am not one to turn away from a well-designed ultraportable. I’m going to have a good deal of fun with the Eee and enjoy it as my secondary home computer, but the N810 will get a lot more use out of the home.

p.s. I wanted to do more side-by-side shots with specific web pages and performance videos, but I am currently without an N810. Those photos were snapped before mine went back across the pond. Expect those photos and videos right here on ultramobilegeek.com when I get my hands on an N810 again.

                                                                 Nokia N810    Asue Eee 701
Hardware

 

Form Factor Sliding slate laptop

 

Keyboard thumb-board small QWERTY

 

Clicking touchscreen small touchpad

 

USB Client-only Host-only

 

Bluetooth Yes No

 

Ethernet No Yes

 

Card Slot MiniSDHC SDHC

 

Speakers, Microphone, and Webcam Yes Yes

 

Storage 2GB 4GB

 

 

Viewing

 

Size 4.1 inches 7 inches

 

Resolution 800×480 800×480

 

Sunlight Readable? Yes (transflective) No (Transmissive)

 

VGA out No Yes

 

 

Mobility

 

Pocketable Yes No

 

GPS Yes No

 

Car Mounting Included Not Available

 

Charger Standard Nseries home/car charger 9.5V 2.315A plug – No 3rd party chargers

 

Battery 4 hours browsing 3.5 hours use

 

 

Software

 

OS Internet Tablet OS2008 Xandros Linux

 

Mapping Included, with optional voice navigation Not Available

 

Web Browser Yes (Mozilla powered microb) Yes (Firefox)

 

Office Productivity None included OpenOffice

 

PDA/PIM None included KDE Kontact

 

3rd Party Apps Hundreds, many with one-click install Xandros 4.0 Repositories must be manually added.

For Parents, a Service That Can Offer Peace of Mind Tuesday, Dec 11 2007 

05kids-190.jpgED GRAY’S two teenage daughters wanted cellphones, but the answer was a firm parental no — until Mr. Gray learned about a service that changed his mind.

C. J. Gunther for The New York Times

THERE Ed Gray bought phones with G.P.S. to track the locations of his daughters, Tiffany, left, and Jasmine.

Sprint Nextel and Verizon Wireless offer G.P.S. tracking to let parents know the location of their child (as long as the child has a cellphone and it is turned on). Then, if the child doesn’t show up at school or other location at a certain time, parents can arrange to receive an e-mail or text message alert.

Mr. Gray, who lives in Granby, Mass., decided that the comfort of regularly knowing the whereabouts of his daughters, Jasmine, 16, and Tiffany, 15, would offset the pain of paying for cellphone service for them, especially if the additional costs were modest. So about five months ago, the Grays signed up for a plan with Sprint that includes Family Locator, a service that for $9.99 a month lets a parent track the cellphones of up to four children.

So far, the deal is working well. “The girls have cellphones, and we foot the bill in exchange for peace of mind,” said Mr. Gray, who is a technology support specialist for the alumni association of Mount Holyoke College and the author of a blog, Ed’s Tech Tips.

When Mr. Gray uses the service, he turns to his computer and clicks on the Sprint Web site to locate either child. “Within about a minute, an icon appears on a map showing where the phone is,” he said. “It’s easy to use. And it’s good to be able to keep in touch when you need to.”

Sprint offers about 90 phones for children that work with Family Locator. Parents can monitor children’s phones not only from their desks, but also from cellphones that can search the Web. By calling up Sprint’s Web site, a parent can see the child’s phone location on a map or listed by street address.

A location’s accuracy is typically within 50 to 100 yards, said Rich Pesce, communications manager for Sprint, in Reston, Va. “If the phone can’t communicate with the G.P.S. satellites, it defaults to cell-tower locations and estimates the distance from them,” he explained. Then accuracy drops to about a mile.

Sometimes the system cannot locate the child’s phone, Mr. Pesce said, usually because the phone is off or out of range of network coverage.

The service isn’t meant to be covert. Parents can choose either to have an alert pop up on the phone every time they check its location or have occasional notices sent to children reminding them that their location is being monitored.

The Grays chose a Sprint family plan with an $89.99 monthly charge that includes 1,400 minutes. They added unlimited text messaging ($20) with the location service (about $10). The bill totals about $140 a month, Mr. Gray said, including $20 for the daughters’ two phone lines. His daughters, he added, put up with the parental monitoring because they wanted the phones so much. Verizon Wireless’s service, called Chaperone, allows parents to set up a geographical area where the child can roam — a downtown shopping district, say. But if the child strays from the zone, the system alerts the parent.

Some children will no doubt foil the system, for instance, by simply leaving their phones behind. But many parents may still find the tracking services attractive, said Charles S. Golvin, an analyst at Forrester Research. The services, he said, “are complementary to one of the main motivations adults have in giving children cellphones — to get in touch with them in an emergency.” Adding the ability to know where they are ties in to this. “It’s a comfort to have a bit more information,” he said.

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